Orion Model 565

General Description

High performance HF transceiver, analog + IF-DSP. Dual 32-bit ADI SHARC processors. Optimized amateur bands transceiver plus general coverage sub-receiver.

The Orion began production shipment in March 2003. The very first serial numbers were 09C10XX2, indicating September 2002 manufacture date. The Orion was gradually phased out in late 2005 as the Orion II began to ship.

Reviews

Operating Hints / Tips

Orion SSB Transmit Audio Adjustment

Subreceiver

Common Issues

These rigs were manufactured 2002-2005 and the following issues are now often seen:

  • LCD screen losing contrast and/or brightness
  • Malfunctioning of encoder connectivity: RIT, MULTI, Tuning
  • Electrolytic capacitors on A9 power distribution board need replacement
  • Battery needs replacement

Mods / Adjustments / Repairs

9MHz if output / Panadapter

LCD

RIT

POWER

Tuning Knob Trim Rings


Original and Optional 315 Trim Rings - optional rounded trim rings are MUCH more comfortable - purchase directly from Ten-Tec

Firmware History & Download Archive

Related Links

Specifications

General

  • Frequency Range: Sub Receiver- 100 kHz - 30 MHz, Specifications apply > 1.8 MHz; TX & Main RX- 1.8-2.0, 3.5-4.0, 5.25-5.40, 7.0-7.3, 10.1-10.15, 14.0-14.35, 18.068-18.168, 21.0-21.45, 24.89-24.99, 28.0-29.7.
  • Tuning Step Size: Selectable 1, 10, 100, 1k, 10k and 100 kHz
  • Frequency stability: +/- 3 ppm. TCXO equipped.
  • Antenna impedance: 50 ohms nominal.
  • Antenna connectors: 2x SO-239; 1xRCA female.
  • Modes: USB, LSB, AM, FM, CWUSB, CWLSB, AFSK; advanced Panoramic Stereoâ„¢.
  • IFs: IF1=9 MHz, IF2=450 kHz, IF3=14.0 kHz main; IF1=45 MHz, IF2=450 kHz, IF3=14.0 kHz sub.
  • Display: 320x240 graphic LCD, transflective, white LED backlight, adjustable brightness and contrast. Reversible for black background, white lettering.
  • VFOs: Receivers operate on any two bands simultaneously; either VFO may be assigned to transmitter using the A/B system.
  • Supply voltage: 13.8 Vdc nominal; reverse-polarity and over-voltage protection standard.
  • Operating temperature range: 0-50 deg C
  • Dimensions (HxWxD): 5.25" x 17.0" x 18.75" (13.3 x 43.2 x 47.6 cm)
  • Weight: approx 20 lbs. (9.2 kg)
  • Construction: Al chassis, steel cabinet, glass-epoxy printed-circuit boards.
  • PC control port: EIA-232 standard, DE-9F.

The Following Specifications Apply To Both Receivers:

  • Digital AGC system: Programmable AGC threshold; programmable hold and decay times, fixed attack. Independently selectable on each receiver.
  • RX audio equalizer: In addition to passband tuning, bass/treble boost/cut up to 6 dB/octave.
  • RX audio output power: 2 W into 4 ohms, < 3% THD.
  • Line-level output: 0 dBm into 600 ohms.
  • RX notch filter: IF DSP, adjustable width, depth > 50 dB, notch reflected on S-meter; multi-tone auto-notch, adjustable 0-9.
  • RX noise reduction: IF DSP, adjustable 0-9.

Main Receiver

  • SSB sensitivity: <0.18 uV for 10 dB SINAD at 2.4 kHz BW, pre-amp on typical; <0.5 uV for 10 dB SINAD at 2.4 kHz BW, pre-amp off typical.
  • AM sensitivity: <1.50 uV for 10 dB SINAD at 6.0 kHz BW, 30% modulation, 1 kHz, pre-amp off.
  • FM sensitivity: <2.50 uV for 12 dB SINAD at 15 kHz BW, 3-kHz deviation, 1 kHz, pre-amp off.
  • Selectivity: 590 built-in DSP filters from 100-6000 Hz, SSB, CW; 4 & 6 kHz AM, 15 kHz FM (-3 dB points, typical). Four 9-MHz-IF crystal filters standard, 15 kHz, 6 kHz, 2.4 kHz, 1.0 kHz; three others optional, 1.8 kHz, 500 Hz and 250 Hz.
  • IP3: +25 dBm typical, 20-kHz spacing at BW=2.4 kHz, pre-amp off; +24 dBm typical, 5-kHz spacing, BW=500 Hz, pre-amp off.
  • IMD3 dynamic range: 101 dB typical, pre-amp off, 20-kHz and 5-kHz spacing.
  • IP2: +75 dBm typical.
  • LO phase noise: -136 dBc/Hz typical from 0.5-20 kHz.
  • Image rejection: >70 dB.
  • IF rejection: >70 dB.
  • Other spurious response rejection: >90 dB, dF>1 MHz.
  • Internal birdies: None stronger than specified sensitivity.
  • Current drain: 2 A typical, audio reduced.
  • RIT range: +/- 10 kHz.
  • S-meter: S-9=50 uV.
  • Recovery time: < 20 ms
  • Noise blankers: Hardware, on/off and software, adjustable 0-9; operate together or separately.

Sub Receiver

  • Sensitivity: 0.35 uV typical for 10 dB SINAD at 2.4 kHz BW, SSB mode.
  • Selectivity: 590 filters built in from 100-6000 Hz, SSB, CW; 4&6 kHz AM; 15 kHz FM (-3 dB points, typical).
  • IP3: +5 dBm typical, 20-kHz spacing.
  • IP2: +71 dBm typical.
  • Image rejection: > 70 dB.
  • IF rejection: > 70 dB.
  • S-meter: S-9=50 uV
  • Recovery time: < 20 ms.
  • Noise blanker: Software, adjustable 0-9.

Transmitter

  • Power output: Adjustable 5-100 W, +/- 1 dB, ALC controlled.
  • Duty cycle: 100% intermittent service; continuous with user-supplied cooling fan.
  • Microphone input impedance: >10 kohms at 1 kHz.
  • Microphone sensitivity: 5 mV for full power output; internal gain adjustment; dc available for electrets.
  • Speech processor: RF compression 0-9.
  • Line-level input: -6 dBm into 600 ohms for full output.
  • TX bandwidth: 100-3900 Hz in 10-Hz steps.
  • TX frequency response: 50-3900 Hz max -6 dB points, adjustable.
  • TX equalizer: Up to 6 dB/octave bass/treble boost/cut.
  • TX speech monitor: Audio taken after filtering, processing.
  • SSB carrier suppression: > 50 dB.
  • Unwanted sideband suppression: > 60 dB at 1 kHz.
  • Harmonic and spurious outputs: > 50 dB below 100 W; > 40 dB below 5 W.
  • T/R switching: PTT or VOX on SSB, AM, FM, AFSK; adjustable QSK on CW; adjustable rise and fall times on CW 3-10 ms;
  • CW keyer speed range: 5-50 wpm; adjustable weighting.
  • CW offset: Programmable 300-1000 Hz in 10 Hz steps. Sidetone pitch automatically matches selected offset.
  • XIT range: +/- 10 kHz
  • FM deviation: +/- 5 kHz peak nominal.
  • Current drain: 25 A max.