Orion Model 565

General Description

High performance HF transceiver, analog + IF-DSP. Dual 32-bit ADI SHARC processors. Optimized amateur bands transceiver plus general coverage sub-receiver.

The Orion began production shipment in March 2003.

Reviews

Operating Hints / Tips

Orion SSB Transmit Audio Adjustment

Subreceiver

Mods / Adjustments / Repairs

LCD

RIT

POWER

Tuning Knob Trim Rings

Original and Optional 315 Trim Rings - optional rounded trim rings are MUCH more comfortable - purchase directly from Ten-Tec

Firmware History & Download Archive

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Specifications

General

  • Frequency Range: Sub Receiver- 100 kHz - 30 MHz, Specifications apply > 1.8 MHz; TX & Main RX- 1.8-2.0, 3.5-4.0, 5.25-5.40, 7.0-7.3, 10.1-10.15, 14.0-14.35, 18.068-18.168, 21.0-21.45, 24.89-24.99, 28.0-29.7.
  • Tuning Step Size: Selectable 1, 10, 100, 1k, 10k and 100 kHz
  • Frequency stability: +/- 3 ppm. TCXO equipped.
  • Antenna impedance: 50 ohms nominal.
  • Antenna connectors: 2x SO-239; 1xRCA female.
  • Modes: USB, LSB, AM, FM, CWUSB, CWLSB, AFSK; advanced Panoramic Stereoâ„¢.
  • IFs: IF1=9 MHz, IF2=450 kHz, IF3=14.0 kHz main; IF1=45 MHz, IF2=450 kHz, IF3=14.0 kHz sub.
  • Display: 320x240 graphic LCD, transflective, white LED backlight, adjustable brightness and contrast. Reversible for black background, white lettering.
  • VFOs: Receivers operate on any two bands simultaneously; either VFO may be assigned to transmitter using the A/B system.
  • Supply voltage: 13.8 Vdc nominal; reverse-polarity and over-voltage protection standard.
  • Operating temperature range: 0-50 deg C
  • Dimensions (HxWxD): 5.25" x 17.0" x 18.75" (13.3 x 43.2 x 47.6 cm)
  • Weight: approx 20 lbs. (9.2 kg)
  • Construction: Al chassis, steel cabinet, glass-epoxy printed-circuit boards.
  • PC control port: EIA-232 standard, DE-9F.

The Following Specifications Apply To Both Receivers:

  • Digital AGC system: Programmable AGC threshold; programmable hold and decay times, fixed attack. Independently selectable on each receiver.
  • RX audio equalizer: In addition to passband tuning, bass/treble boost/cut up to 6 dB/octave.
  • RX audio output power: 2 W into 4 ohms, < 3% THD.
  • Line-level output: 0 dBm into 600 ohms.
  • RX notch filter: IF DSP, adjustable width, depth > 50 dB, notch reflected on S-meter; multi-tone auto-notch, adjustable 0-9.
  • RX noise reduction: IF DSP, adjustable 0-9.

Main Receiver

  • SSB sensitivity: <0.18 uV for 10 dB SINAD at 2.4 kHz BW, pre-amp on typical; <0.5 uV for 10 dB SINAD at 2.4 kHz BW, pre-amp off typical.
  • AM sensitivity: <1.50 uV for 10 dB SINAD at 6.0 kHz BW, 30% modulation, 1 kHz, pre-amp off.
  • FM sensitivity: <2.50 uV for 12 dB SINAD at 15 kHz BW, 3-kHz deviation, 1 kHz, pre-amp off.
  • Selectivity: 590 built-in DSP filters from 100-6000 Hz, SSB, CW; 4 & 6 kHz AM, 15 kHz FM (-3 dB points, typical). Four 9-MHz-IF crystal filters standard, 15 kHz, 6 kHz, 2.4 kHz, 1.0 kHz; three others optional, 1.8 kHz, 500 Hz and 250 Hz.
  • IP3: +25 dBm typical, 20-kHz spacing at BW=2.4 kHz, pre-amp off; +24 dBm typical, 5-kHz spacing, BW=500 Hz, pre-amp off.
  • IMD3 dynamic range: 101 dB typical, pre-amp off, 20-kHz and 5-kHz spacing.
  • IP2: +75 dBm typical.
  • LO phase noise: -136 dBc/Hz typical from 0.5-20 kHz.
  • Image rejection: >70 dB.
  • IF rejection: >70 dB.
  • Other spurious response rejection: >90 dB, dF>1 MHz.
  • Internal birdies: None stronger than specified sensitivity.
  • Current drain: 2 A typical, audio reduced.
  • RIT range: +/- 10 kHz.
  • S-meter: S-9=50 uV.
  • Recovery time: < 20 ms
  • Noise blankers: Hardware, on/off and software, adjustable 0-9; operate together or separately.

Sub Receiver

  • Sensitivity: 0.35 uV typical for 10 dB SINAD at 2.4 kHz BW, SSB mode.
  • Selectivity: 590 filters built in from 100-6000 Hz, SSB, CW; 4&6 kHz AM; 15 kHz FM (-3 dB points, typical).
  • IP3: +5 dBm typical, 20-kHz spacing.
  • IP2: +71 dBm typical.
  • Image rejection: > 70 dB.
  • IF rejection: > 70 dB.
  • S-meter: S-9=50 uV
  • Recovery time: < 20 ms.
  • Noise blanker: Software, adjustable 0-9.

Transmitter

  • Power output: Adjustable 5-100 W, +/- 1 dB, ALC controlled.
  • Duty cycle: 100% intermittent service; continuous with user-supplied cooling fan.
  • Microphone input impedance: >10 kohms at 1 kHz.
  • Microphone sensitivity: 5 mV for full power output; internal gain adjustment; dc available for electrets.
  • Speech processor: RF compression 0-9.
  • Line-level input: -6 dBm into 600 ohms for full output.
  • TX bandwidth: 100-3900 Hz in 10-Hz steps.
  • TX frequency response: 50-3900 Hz max -6 dB points, adjustable.
  • TX equalizer: Up to 6 dB/octave bass/treble boost/cut.
  • TX speech monitor: Audio taken after filtering, processing.
  • SSB carrier suppression: > 50 dB.
  • Unwanted sideband suppression: > 60 dB at 1 kHz.
  • Harmonic and spurious outputs: > 50 dB below 100 W; > 40 dB below 5 W.
  • T/R switching: PTT or VOX on SSB, AM, FM, AFSK; adjustable QSK on CW; adjustable rise and fall times on CW 3-10 ms;
  • CW keyer speed range: 5-50 wpm; adjustable weighting.
  • CW offset: Programmable 300-1000 Hz in 10 Hz steps. Sidetone pitch automatically matches selected offset.
  • XIT range: +/- 10 kHz
  • FM deviation: +/- 5 kHz peak nominal.
  • Current drain: 25 A max.